Brazil has its own Order of Attorneys since 1930 known as the “Order of Attorneys of Brazil.” These professionals are part of the Brazilian Bar association.
The headquarters of this organization, which is non-governmental, is in Brasilia and graduates from law school who want to practice law and appear in court must register with this Order of Attorneys of Brazil. The entity has disciplinary powers which are part of the Organization’s Charter.
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is a lawyer who has been in practice for 22 years. He is the founder and partner at Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados. The company specializes in credit recovery, banking, civil and commercial litigation, as well as, international and corporate law.
Mr. Tosto is also a member of the Brazilian and International Bar Association and has graduated with a law degree from Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie. He is a speaker on various legal matters, holds a post graduate degree in Business Administration, is author of several articles, and has co-authored a book called “O Processo de Tiradentes.” The word Tiradentes in Brazil means “tooth puller!
The bar examination in Brazil takes place in the months of March, August and December and the bar exam is organized by the Order of the Attorneys of Brazil. Law school is five years and after completion Brazilian law students take their bar exam which consists of a written test and a couple of multiple question sheets.
A qualified lawyer must also be approved by the laws that govern the Constitution of Brazil and some additional proficiency tests are required. Included in Article 8 and in order to register as an attorney, the law students must complete the “Examination of the Order.”
It is interesting to note that the Laws of Brazil are derived from Portuguese Law and the first law schools were formed in 1827 in Sao Paulo. Brazil has been influenced by the French, Italian and also German legal system, however it has its own statues and the Federal Constitution is one of the highest laws of the country.
Mostly though, today, Brazil’s Civil Code is pretty much based on the Italian Civil Code, and as every Brazilian knows, the law profession is very popular and there is a lot of competition.
So here are some suggested ways one can become a proficient and respectable lawyer in Brazil:
1) Pass the Vestibular Exam – An entrance exam
2) Study and Graduate with a Law Degree
3) Take the National Bar exam and be accepted